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The journey of NIPDIT was started from Kutiguda, a village which is in Balliguda sub-division under Tikabali Block of Kandhamal district in Orissa. In this small natural village setting NIPDIT took birth March 16, 1983 by the research team members who used to work under the banner of PIDT, a Delhi based NGO. As Pancha Sakha (Five Friends) like R.C.Dash, Mr.Rabi Roy, Mr.Raghunath Behera, Mr.Rabi Narayan Das and Mr.Sankarshan Hota, the founder member of NIPDIT with eminent persons like Dr.Bhagaban Prakash & Prof.Radhamohan. Henceforth, the wheel of NIPDIT rolled ahead for setting milestones on the way with completing radicalization & eradication of existing area problems. In a nutshell, the struggle against issues was the struggle for Socio- Economic rebirth of the community. The focal group of the organization are scheduled tribe, scheduled caste, women, children, landless laborers, rural artisans and other weaker sections of the society.

Added to it abject poverty, hunger and migration, liquor brewing, deforestation, low price of MFPs, diseases being treated by village quakes and risk involved Socio-economic process of marginalization, Exploitations, corruptions by outsiders, money lending , liquor, women atrocities, gender discrimination etc . Besides some crucial practices of the area Dinda Ghar Pratha ( Dormitory for young boys & girls) , Kedu or Jhatki Pratha ( Animal sacrifice & other social taboos) and Mada ( Funeral).

NIPDIT began its intensive effort and various initiatives, systematic effort to identify the real causes & opposed to spread of several myths about distress & deprivation in the operational areas opened a new chapter for people’s action. Some committed youth were united together, Through their sincere and active cooperation Yubak Sangha and Nari Sangha were formed. First Kutiguda Yubak Sangha was formed with the involvement of 61 members. Number of meetings were held for collective action & then prepared norms to get accepted by everyone.

Gradually these Sanghas turned into Village Level Organizations (VLOs) through which all the village level issues were addressed with complete participation and contribution of people. When the village organizations continued to be matured , NIPDIT thought of forming Cluster Level organizations (CLO) or People’s Organization in the year 1980 to address area level issues in a wider perspective. POs effort to work from village to state level on different issues, such as Forest & Environment, Education, Exploitation & Corruption, Land & Agriculture etc. Different committees were set up for different functions; such as monitoring of VLOs, problem solving, local resource mobilization & utilization, social mobilization and policy advocacy. Thus, the CLO strived hard to achieve perfection with a marked deviation from traditional practices.

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