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Gender Mainstreaming
In the initial stage NIPDIT used to work on women issues like dowry, divorce, conflict resolution in the family/community. Women were exploited in numberless ways & very much affected. Then the unorganized women were organised & made them aware to get united together into a Sangha. Effort was put to form more & more women Sanghas which were formed &strengthened through capacity building efforts. Hereafter, concentrated on the issues like wage, exploitation, blind beliefs etc. Gradually all forms of women related issues were covered. During the third phase focused on genderisation & concentrated in a wider way to achieve women rights & bring them into right place. Then in the fourth phase, the process of gender integration continued into different programs.

NIPDIT is trying to advance Gender justice by adopting suitable strategy. As an effective principle, NIPDIT considered Gender as an approach rather than issues. To ensure gender route, made definite interventions both at organization and community level & creating a gender friendly environment. Affirmative action was created by creating a Gender Policy. In course of time, NIPDIT equipped the staff with new insight, knowledge and concept on gender to bring a gender balance at all levels.

Efforts are continued on women issue and women literacy and education of girl child. Motivational programs are integrated as an agenda in the quarterly planning by the project staff. Ensured women representation and women related activities are integrated with program components. Besides, opportunities being made within the organization and PO’s structure, which aims at increasing the bargaining power of women.

Tribal women through are better placed than their counterparts in the general population (as reflected in their gigher sex-ratio compared to the general population) are a disadvantaged and vulnerable group within the tribal society. With the socio-cultural practices to their disadvantage, the tribal women bear the brunt of illiteracy, ignorance, poverty, deprivation & marginalization.

The need for women development was realized by NIPDIT from the very beginning with the adoption of the option of process building to finesse a strategy of awareness building, mass conscentization & sensitization. From formation of community based organizations (Nari Sangha) to making gender a vector theme across program & sectors, women empowerment has been integrated with NIPDIT’s broad objective of sustainable societal development.

 
The Enabling Structure
rained Gender promoters at the community level, gender Key Persons at the project level and gender coordinators at the organization level hold the gender mandate. Gender Resource Centre is engaged in documentation, development of IEC materials, organizing workshop & seminars on women rights & dissemination of information and establishment of network. District Women Forum(DWF), a network of women action groups at the district level, is engaged in network building, identifies & addresses gender issues. Redressal cell at the community level has the mandate to ensure women-friendly atmosphere, create legal awareness, provide legal support and resolve conflict. Similarly, committee against Sexual Harassment at the organizational level ensures women-friendly atmosphere.

 
Effecting a Changed Perspective
24hrs job analysis, study on access and control of women over income and productive assets and women’s participation in decision-making are regularly undertaken involving the community. Gender Sensitization training are conducted for cross functional groups like gender promoters, representatives of peoples organizations. Studies on “Tradition, Culture & Religion”, impact studies to understand gender integration & gender mainstreaming and studies on issues related to women ( for example, “Women Trafficking”) have been conducted. To anchor the interventions, programs & activities on the prevalent practices, the findings of the study have been worked out into action points integrated into the sectoral plan.

 
Addressing the Practical & Strategic Gender Needs
Promotion of Income Generating programs, establishment of women Education Centres, formation of women’s organizations and organization of training programs on women health and legal aids as well as development of literatures, leaflets, pamphlets depicting the position and rights of women were undertaken by the organization when the decade old organization laid focus on women development. The 90s were the time when the organization emphasized women empowerment & gender integration ensuring equal participation of men & women in all social & developmental action and strived for promotion of women as key functionaries/leaders in different institutions. The foundation for gender mainstreaming was laid during the period. Since the last half decade, gender mainstreaming indicators have been developed and gender has been integrated in the structure, policy and program of the organization. To facilitate mapping of the progress in terms of gender mainstreaming “Gender Path” has also been worked out for self-assessment of the outcomes.

 
Politico-Legal Literacy
Acts and policies related with women rights are studies at resource team level and the same are shared with the project staff for gender mainstreaming across programs and activities. Furthermore, leaflets on women specific Govt. schemes & provisions have been developed and distributed among the people. Legal aid camps organized in all project locations to deal with cases of violation of women rights.

 
Engaging the community in Dynamic Gender Discourse

Conventional Days like Human Right’s Week & International Women’s Day are celebrated in all the project areas. Peace rally, mass meeting /GO-NGO Interface are organized on Intl’ Women’s Day and Women’s Rights Week.

 
Thematic & Process Support
NIPDIT has engaged Gender Consultation at various levels of the evolution of its program & strategy. Consultants facilitate capacity building trainings, INTERACT WITH the cross-sectional responsibility holders ( organization as well as community) to assess the progress, develop progress indicators, recommend structural changes and work out the “Gender Path” to strengthen women empowerment. Exposure visits for the Gender Promoters and responsibility holders are also organized by NIPDIT to facilitate the process of gender mainstreaming and women empowerment.
 
Outcomes
Creations of Women Leadership in different institutions (49% in EC of VFPC, 45% in AMS EC, 65% in ASSK EC and 37% in PRI)
Change in the stereotyped gender roles with increase in women’s community role with the consequent decrease in domestic role
Sustainability of the organizational effort through its Transformation into community led imitative.
 
  Activities Achievements
Women involved in VFPC 1701
Women members involved in CLOs 1185
Women involved in ASSK 6150
Women involved in AMS. 1537
Gender promoters involved in Gender sensitization. 138
Women headed house hold identified. 338
Widow got pension. 372
Girl child educated in Night School 5200
Girl child enrolled in Govt. School 3500
Women literacy through SHG 62 SHGs
POs women elected members to PRI 160
Legal Aid cell formed. 5
Maintenance case finalized by legal aid camp. 48
Sexual harassment committee formed at organization. 1
Gender Resource Center set up 1
No. of women in enhanced in non traditional activities identified. 57
 
Qualitative Achievements
As a step towards eradication of girl child bias through counseling and motivation at the individual and community levels have been under taken and increased girl child attendance in formal schools. Further, work towards total literacy for women through NFE in all operational areas.
Functional literacy for women have been introduced. The idea is to improve their literacy & numeracy skill with enhancement in their knowledge & awareness level. Besides, body literacy, legal literacy were also the area of other priorities.
Analysed 24 hours job reveals that women work much longer than men. They have capacity to carry loads and work for a long period at the tough condition bearing even pain. In the course of sensitization it was noticed that the work burden is being shared by men to a great extent.
Considering the quality of women’s readership as important as their existence, women leaders have been promoted so as to bring gender equity, human rights as women rights, as a result more women are coming up as leaders when persuaded rotational leadership system.
The women empowerment committee has been formed to cooperate and take up sensitization and gender integration initiatives through series of programs, which has helped women and men talk freely in an open plat form.
Most of the social issues deep rooted in the “tradition” and otherwise have been successfully addressed by the women groups where men do not dare to venture. This has exhibited the leadership qualities among women.
Likewise in the economic front be it the matter of wage rate or it the price of minor forest produces, the women lead the movement to establish their rights.
So far as political empowerment is concerned, women have taken this as a challenge and proved it by placing themselves in the leadership positions in the PRIs and other local bodies.
Periodic gender scanning is done at organization level in order to identify problems and issues. Identified institutional constraints and opportunities for implementing gender oriented projects.
District level Nari Mancha (Women Forum) has been formed which is women centered where the women seek their rights and justice. This also works to make the government programs more accessible to women and is emerging as an alternative force to have women related rights and opportunities. It has caused a tremendous impact at all levels and deals with issues like divorce, wife beating, harassment at family, community, work field etc in different levels.
Established partnership & collective action by NAWO, NGOs, Govt. & other like minded institutions individuals to ensure women empowerment through approaches & movements.
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