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Initially NIPDIT identified 2 major issues to get addressed i.e. acute poverty and widespread exploitation. Then analysed the reasons behind these two issues and found that ignorance at community level being nurtured by existing social system and issues around livelihood support system such as land, forest, other resources and related practices are the main causes. In the 1st phase NIPDIT identified such issues/sub issues and instituted studies and worked on them. Emphasis was then an issue approach & human resource development & community participation.

In the 2nd phase specific sectoral issues were identified for direct intervention through people’s participation. Activities with specific process and methodology were chosen to address these issues/ sub issues. Institution building at community level ensuring quality & competency were emphasized with more focus on social action and networking among like minded entities. Extended efforts were also made to continue development of human resources to tackle changing responsibilities.

In the 3rd phase continued the effort with more development approaches by utilizing own, local and Govt. resources to make the effort more visible. But all those were meant to address the fundamental issues. Then emphasis was mere on developing material resources within and around the community. In the 4th Phase though the issues were similar but the nature and dimension were different. Process of professionalism, institutionalization and consolidation of local initiatives were emphasized more Gender & Policy advocacy were predominant in all sectoral themes and integration among sectoral issues and approaches were more coherently addressed. Efforts were also made to create suitable models/ patterns of development with social change perspective.

Although issues identified and incorporated in the operational plans are more or less similar in nature althrough phases, changed perceived at different phases are mainly projected on the basis of regular analysis of socio-economic, political and environmental scenario of the macro situations and its resultant implications felt at community level. Similarly approaches to address these challenges were defined from issues to programmatic to issues which principly guided the operational strategy as mentioned below.
Ph-I (1983-87) Ph.-II (1988-92) Ph.-III (1993-97) Ph.-IV (1998-2003)
Forest Environment
Poverty &exploitation.
Liquor issue.
Organizational issues.
Formation of Yuvak Sangha & Nari Sangha.
Identification & utilization of village resources.
Organizing for collective Action.
Networking among NGOs on common issues.
Rallies, Protests.
Awareness & Capacitybuilding.
Forest Environment MFP.
Poverty exploitation.
Women issues.
Land alienation.
Consumer issues.
Organizational issues.
Formation of VLO/CLO.
Formation of different issue based and developmental committees.
Networking among POs/NGOs.
Income generation and other developmental approaches.
Accessing to Govt. provisions.
Rallies, Protests, Campaign.
Awareness & Capacity Build-ing (general & sectoral)
Land Agriculture.
Women Empowerment.
Developmental issues.
Health, sanitation habitat issues.
Strengthening institution building efforts.
Entrepreneurship development among women with production and marketing orientation.
Health, Sanitation & Nutrition.
Awareness and Capacity building.
Forest & Environment.
Women & Gender issues.
Developmental issues.
Community health.
Policyissues(NRM, Health, PRI,
Displace-ment etc.)
Unionization and independisation of local institutions.
Political participation of poor & women.
Entrepreneurship development with credit & market linkages.
Policy Advocacy
Health packages.
Food security packages.
Establishment of models.
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